GENERAL BIOLOGY

Sonia PIACENTE GENERAL BIOLOGY

0760100047
DIPARTIMENTO DI FARMACIA
EQF7
PHARMACY
2017/2018

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 1
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2016
PRIMO SEMESTRE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
1BIOLOGIA ANIMALE MODULO DI BIOLOGIA GENERALE
648LESSONS
2BIOLOGIA VEGETALE MODULO DI BIOLOGIA GENERALE
540LESSONS


Objectives
This course is aimed at obtaining knowledge and understanding of the molecular basis of the living organisms, of the structures and processes of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, and of the reproduction of living organisms. It is also aimed at providing specific knowledge of the expression and transmission of genetic information and of the elements of plant- classification, histology and anatomy. The course will also provide knowledge on the sites of biosynthesis and accumulation of bioactive molecules in plants. The student, on the basis of the acquired skills, will be able to address and solve problems related to cell and molecular biology and also to recognize the microscopic and macroscopic features of plant structures.
Prerequisites
BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, PHYSICS AND MATHEMATICS PROVIDED BY HIGH SCHOOLS.
Contents
ANIMAL BIOLOGY UNIT:
CHEMICAL BASIS OF LIFE: THE ORGANIC MOLECULES
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CELLS
STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE PLASMA MEMBRANE
THE SYSTEMS OF CYTOPLASMIC MEMBRANES: STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MEMBRANE TRAFFICKING
CELL COMMUNICATION
CELL SIGNALING
AEROBIC RESPIRATION AND MITOCHONDRIA
CYTOSKELETON AND CELL MOTILITY
DNA, CHROMOSOMES AND GENOMES
GENE EXPRESSION: FROM TRANSCRIPTION TO TRANSLATION
THE NUCLEUS AND THE CONTROL OF GENE EXPRESSION
REPLICATION AND REPAIR OF DNA
CELLULAR REPRODUCTION
MENDELIAN GENETICS

PLANT BIOLOGY UNIT:
• CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING ORGANISMS INTO KINGDOMS: THE PLANT KINGDOM
• DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATION OF PLANTS: TAXONOMIC SYSTEMS, TAXA AND NOMENCLATURE
• THE PLANT CELL: CELL WALL
• THE PLANT CELL: THE VACUOLE
• THE PLANT CELL: THE PLASTID SYSTEM
• THE PLANT CELL AS A SOURCE OF BIOACTIVE MOLECULES
• AUTOTROPHY AND HETEROTROPHY
• PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND USE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS PRODUCTS
• THE PRIMARY PLANT TISSUES: MERISTEMS, TEGUMENTAL, MEDULLARY, MECHANICAL, SECRETORY CONDUCTORS
• THE SECRETORY TISSUES AS THE SITES OF PRODUCTION AND ACCUMULATION OF BIOACTIVE MOLECULES
• THE SECONDARY PLANT TISSUES: VASCULAR CAMBIUM AND CORK CAMBIUM, PHELLODERM AND PERIDERM.
• XYLEM AND PHLOEM
• ANATOMY OF THE LEAF, STEM, ROOT, FLOWER AND FRUIT
• SEED AND GERMINATION
• ASEXUAL AND SEXUALE REPRODUCTION
ONTOGENETIC CYCLES.
Teaching Methods
THE COURSE OF BIOLOGY INCLUDES: LECTURES WITH THE SUPPORT OF MODERN TEACHING SUPPORTS SUCH AS PROJECTIONS BY MEANS OF MULTIMEDIA PRESENTATIONS WITH DEDICATED EDUCATIONAL FILMS;THE ATTENDANCE TO THE LECTURES OF THE GENERAL BIOLOGY COURSE IS MANDATORY. THE TEACHER WILL COMMUNICATE THE MODE OF ATTENDANCE CONTROL ON THE FIRST LECTURE OF THE COURSE. STUDENTS WHO FAIL TO SATISFY THE ATTENDANCE REQUIREMENT, WILL BE REQUIRED TO ATTEND A SERIAL OF INFORMAL TUTORIALS ACCORDING TO THE TEACHER'S INSTRUCTION.
Verification of learning
THE EXAMINATION CONSISTS OF A WRITTEN AN ORAL TESTS, TO BE SUSTEINED IN THE SAME EXAM SESSION. THE RATING IS X/30. PASS THE WRITTEN TEST WITH A SCORE OF 18/30, IT IS MANDATORY TO BE ABLE TO TAKE THE ORAL TEST, AND REACH THE FINAL GRADE. THE WRITTEN TEST TAKES ONE HOUR AND 20 MINUTES AND CONSISTS OF MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS LOCKED AND SMALL REPORTS ON THE MAIN LEARNING OUTCOMES.
THE STUDENT WILL BE ASKED TO DISCUSS THE MAIN TOPICS OF THE COURSE, TRYING TO DEMONSTRATE CRITICAL THOUGHT AND AWARENESS OF THE STRUCTURE OF THE FIELD OF STUDY.
Texts
ANIMAL BIOLOGY

PRINCIPI DI BIOLOGIA. DAVID SADAVA, ET AL. (ZANICHELLI)
L'ESSENZIALE DI BIOLOGIA MOLECOLARE DELLA CELLULA. BRUCE ALBERTS, ET AL. (ZANICHELLI)
SADAVA D. ET AL. ELEMENTI DI BIOLOGIA E GENETICA (ZANICHELLI)

PLANT BIOLOGY

MAUSETH J. BOTANICA. FONDAMENTI DI BIOLOGIA DELLE PIANTE, EDS. IDELSON-GNOCCHI
LONGO C., BIOLOGIA VEGETALE: FORME E FUNZIONI, ED. UTET
SOLOMON, BERG, MARTIN, STRUTTURA E PROCESSI VITALI NELLE PIANTE, ED. EDISES.
RAVEN P.H., EVERT R.F., EICHORN. S.E., BIOLOGIA DELLE PIANTE, ED. ZANICHELLI.


NICOLETTI M., BRUNI A., BIOLOGIA VEGETALE, ED. JAPADRE, 1994.
SPERANZA G.L. ET AL. – STRUTTURA DELLE PIANTE IN IMMAGINI. ZANICHELLI
MAUGINI E., BOTANICA FARMACEUTICA. PICCIN EDITO


More Information
ANIMAL BIOLOGY: PROF. A CONTRATTO
PLANT BIOLOGY: PROF SONIA PIACENTE
LECTURES IN ITALIAN

LOCATION DEPT. OF PHARMACY
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