GENERAL BIOLOGY

Sonia PIACENTE GENERAL BIOLOGY

0760100047
DIPARTIMENTO DI FARMACIA
EQF7
PHARMACY
2021/2022

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 1
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2020
PRIMO SEMESTRE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
2BIOLOGIA VEGETALE MODULO DI BIOLOGIA GENERALE
648LESSONS
1BIOLOGIA ANIMALE MODULO DI BIOLOGIA GENERALE
648LESSONS
Objectives
This course is aimed at obtaining knowledge and understanding of the molecular basis of the living organisms, of the structures and processes of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, and of the reproduction of living organisms. It is also aimed at providing specific knowledge of the expression and transmission of genetic information and of the elements of plant- classification, histology and anatomy. The course will also provide knowledge on the sites of biosynthesis and accumulation of bioactive molecules in plants. The student, on the basis of the acquired skills, will be able to address and solve problems related to cell and molecular biology and also to recognize the microscopic and macroscopic features of plant structures.
Prerequisites
BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, PHYSICS AND MATHEMATICS PROVIDED BY HIGH SCHOOLS.
Contents
THE COURSE CONSISTS OF TWO MODULES: ANIMAL BIOLOGY (48 H OF LECTURES , 6 CFU) AND PLANT BIOLOGY (48 H OF LECTURES , 6 CFU)

ANIMAL BIOLOGY UNIT:
CHEMICAL BASIS OF LIFE: THE ORGANIC MOLECULES (6 HR)
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CELLS (2 HR)
STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE PLASMA MEMBRANE (4 HR)
THE SYSTEMS OF CYTOPLASMIC MEMBRANES: STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MEMBRANE TRAFFICKING (4 HR)
AEROBIC RESPIRATION AND MITOCHONDRIA (4 HR)
CYTOSKELETON AND CELL MOTILITY (4 HR)
CELL COMMUNICATION (2 HR)
CELL SIGNALING AND SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION (2 HR)
DNA, CHROMOSOMES AND GENOMES (2 HR)
THE NUCLEUS AND THE CONTROL OF GENE EXPRESSION (4 HR)
REPLICATION AND REPAIR OF DNA (2 HR)
GENE EXPRESSION: FROM TRANSCRIPTION TO TRANSLATION (6 HR)
CELL CICLE AND CELLULAR REPRODUCTION (4 HR)
MENDELIAN GENETICS (4 HR)

PLANT BIOLOGY UNIT:
• CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING ORGANISMS INTO KINGDOMS: THE PLANT KINGDOM
• DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATION OF PLANTS: TAXONOMIC SYSTEMS, TAXA AND NOMENCLATURE (2H)
• THE PLANT CELL: CELL WALL (4H)
• THE PLANT CELL: THE VACUOLE (4H)
• THE PLANT CELL: THE PLASTID SYSTEM (2H)
• THE PLANT CELL AS A SOURCE OF BIOACTIVE MOLECULES (2H)
• AUTOTROPHY AND HETEROTROPHY
• PHOTOSYTHE SECONDARY PLANT TISSUES: VASCULAR CAMBIUM AND CORK CAMBINTHESIS AND USE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS PRODUCTS (6H)
• SOLUTE TRANSPORT FROM SOIL TO ROOTS AND SHOOTS: DIFFUSION AND ACTIVE AND PASSIVE TRANSPORT (2H)
• PLANT TISSUES (6H): MERISTEMS, TEGUMENTAL, MEDULLARY, MECHANICAL, SECRETORY, CONDUCTOR TISSUES
• THE SECRETORY TISSUES AS THE SITES OF PRODUCTION AND ACCUMULATION OF BIOACTIVE MOLECULES (2H)
XYLEMATIC AND FLOEMATIC TRANSPORT (2H)
• ANATOMY OF THE LEAF (2H), STEM (2H), ROOT (2H), FLOWER AND FRUIT (2H)
• SEED AND GERMINATION (2H)
.PLANT HORMONES: AUXINS AND GIBBERELLINS (2H)
• ASEXUAL AND SEXUALE REPRODUCTION (2H)
ONTOGENETIC CYCLES (2H).
Teaching Methods
THE COURSE OF BIOLOGY INCLUDES: LECTURES WITH THE SUPPORT OF MODERN TEACHING SUPPORTS SUCH AS PROJECTIONS BY MEANS OF MULTIMEDIA PRESENTATIONS WITH DEDICATED EDUCATIONAL FILMS;THE ATTENDANCE TO THE LECTURES OF THE GENERAL BIOLOGY COURSE IS MANDATORY. THE TEACHER WILL COMMUNICATE THE MODE OF ATTENDANCE CONTROL ON THE FIRST LECTURE OF THE COURSE. STUDENTS WHO FAIL TO SATISFY THE ATTENDANCE REQUIREMENT, WILL BE REQUIRED TO ATTEND A SERIAL OF INFORMAL TUTORIALS ACCORDING TO THE TEACHER'S INSTRUCTION.
Verification of learning
THE EXAMINATION CONSISTS OF A WRITTEN AND AN ORAL TEST, TO BE SUSTAINED IN THE SAME EXAM SESSION. THE RATING IS X/30. TO PASS THE WRITTEN TEST WITH A SCORE OF 18/30 IS MANDATORY TO ACCESS TO THE ORAL TEST, AND REACH THE FINAL GRADE.

THE WRITTEN TEST IS MANDATORY TO ACCESS TO THE ORAL TEST AND CONSISTS FOR ANIMAL BIOLOGY OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF A QUESTIONNAIRE WITH BLOCKED MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS (30 QUESTIONS AND HAS A DURATION NOT EXCEEDING 40 MINUTES); FOR PLANT BIOLOGY OF OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS (HAS A DURATION NOT EXCEEDING 40 MINUTES).
THE QUESTIONS WILL BE DEALT WITH IN THE COURSE PROGRAM AND ARE AIMED AT VERIFYING THE ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND THE PROPOSED PROBLEMS AND THE ABILITY TO COMMUNICATE THEM IN WRITING .
THE STUDENT WILL BE ASKED TO DISCUSS THE MAIN TOPICS OF THE COURSE, TRYING TO DEMONSTRATE CRITICAL THOUGHT AND AWARENESS OF THE STRUCTURE OF THE FIELD OF STUDY.
DURING THE COURSE, THE STUDENT ALSO HAS THE POSSIBILITY TO CARRY OUT PARTIAL TESTS, THE DATES OF PERFORMANCE OF THE ABOVE PARTIAL TESTS ARE ESTABLISHED ANNUALLY AND AGREED WITH THE ATTENDING STUDENTS, AND COMMUNICATED TO THE STUDENTS WELL IN ADVANCE OF THE DATE OF PERFORMANCE.THE PASSING OF THE PARTIAL TESTS MAY EXEMPT FROM THE PERFORMANCE OF THE WRITTEN TEST. THE EXEMPTION APPLIES EXCLUSIVELY TO THE EXAMINATION SESSION IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE TEACHING SESSION.
THE FINAL GRADE IS GIVEN BY THE AVERAGE OF THE VOTES OBTAINED FOR EACH MODULE
Texts
ANIMAL BIOLOGY:
GINELLI E., MALCOVATI M. MOLECOLE, CELLULE E ORGANISMI- EDISES
ALBERTS B. ET AL - ESSENTIAL CELL BIOLOGY 5TH EDITION
DAVID SADAVA DAVID M. HILLIS H. CRAIG HELLER SALLY HACKER-LIFE: THE SCIENCE OF BIOLOGY-
KARP G.- CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY: CONCEPT AND EXPERIMENTS



PLANT BIOLOGY
MAUSETH J. BOTANICA. FONDAMENTI DI BIOLOGIA DELLE PIANTE, EDS. IDELSON-GNOCCHI
LONGO C., BIOLOGIA VEGETALE: FORME E FUNZIONI, ED. UTET
SOLOMON, BERG, MARTIN, STRUTTURA E PROCESSI VITALI NELLE PIANTE, ED. EDISES.
RAVEN P.H., EVERT R.F., EICHORN. S.E., BIOLOGIA DELLE PIANTE, ED. ZANICHELLI.
NICOLETTI M., BRUNI A., BIOLOGIA VEGETALE, ED. JAPADRE, 1994.
SPERANZA G.L. ET AL. – STRUTTURA DELLE PIANTE IN IMMAGINI. ZANICHELLI
MAUGINI E., BOTANICA FARMACEUTICA. PICCIN EDITO


More Information
ANIMAL BIOLOGY: SILVIA FRANCESCHELLI
PLANT BIOLOGY: PROF SONIA PIACENTE PROF. MILENA MASULLO
LECTURES IN ITALIAN

LOCATION DEPT. OF PHARMACY
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