CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY

Luciano DI MAIO CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY

0612100056
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
EQF6
BSC DEGREE IN CIVIL ENGINEERING
2021/2022

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 1
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2018
ANNUALE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
1CHIMICA
660LESSONS
2TECNOLOGIA DEI MATERIALI
660LESSONS
Objectives
MODULE 1: CHEMISTRY
EXPECTED LEARNING RESULTS AND COMPETENCE TO BE ACQUIRED:
STUDY, UNDERSTANDING AND RATIONALIZATION OF CHEMICAL PHENOMENA, STRUCTURING OF MATTER AND ITS PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL TRANSFORMATIONS. THE LEARNING OUTCOMES INCLUDE DEVELOPING AN ATOMISTIC VISION OF SUBSTANCES AND ACQUIRING SKILLS TO CONNECT MACROSCOPIC OBSERVATIONS WITH THE ATOMISTIC VISION OF REACTIONS.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING CAPACITIES:
KNOWLEDGE OF DESCRIPTIVE TERMINOLOGY AND OF THE METHODOLOGICAL-APPLICATIVE ASPECTS OF CHEMICAL PHENOMENA AND MATTER'S STRUCTURE AND TRANSFORMATIONS.
ABILITY TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING CAPACITIES:
ABILITY TO APPLY THE THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE AND CALCULATION METHODOLOGIES ACQUIRED TO THE SOLUTION OF BASIC OR ROUTINE PROBLEMS OF BASIC CHEMISTRY.
AUTONOMY OF JUDGMENT:
KNOWING HOW TO APPROPRIATELY DESCRIBE MACROSCOPIC CHEMICAL PHENOMENA IN ATOMISTIC TERMS AND KNOWING HOW TO IDENTIFY THE APPROPRIATE CALCULATION METHODOLOGIES FOR NUMERICALLY BASIC PROBLEMS OF BASIC CHEMISTRY.
COMMUNICATION SKILLS:
KNOWING HOW TO PRESENT ORALLY, ALSO USING GRAPHIC SCHEMES AND CALCULATION EXAMPLES WHERE APPROPRIATE, THE KNOWLEDGE RELATED TO THE TOPICS COVERED.
ABILITY TO LEARN:
KNOWING HOW TO APPLY THE ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE AND KNOWING HOW TO UPDATE IT INDEPENDENTLY

MODULE 2: MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY
EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES AND COMPETENCE TO ACQUIRE:
LEARN THE BASIC KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE STRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGICAL AND USE OF THE
MATERIALS USED IN THE FIELD OF BUILDING AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE ACQUISITION
OF TECHNICAL SKILLS IN RELATION TO THE CORRECT CHOICE AND MANAGEMENT OF MATERIALS USED IN THE APPLICATIONS
ENGINEERING.

KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
UNDERSTANDING THE TERMINOLOGY USED IN THE FIELD OF CONVENTIONAL MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES OF
PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING.

ABILITY TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
BE ABLE TO CHOOSE THE MOST APPROPRIATE MATERIALS AND TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS FOR THE SPECIFIC APPLICATION.
ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND INNOVATIONS IN THE FIELD OF MATERIALS FOR BUILDING, THE MECHANISMS OF USE AND THEIR
CORRECT INSTALLATION.
AUTONOMY OF JUDGMENT
KNOWING TO CRITICALLY EVALUATE PROJECT CHOICES IN RELATION TO THE MATERIALS USED AND BE ABLE TO PROPOSE SUITABLE SOLUTIONS IN TERMS OF PROPERTY AND DURABILITY.
COMMUNICATION SKILLS
KNOWING TO DIALOGUE WITH COLLEAGUES USING THE CORRECT TECHNICAL TERMINOLOGY. BE ABLE TO COLLABORATE WITH OTHER PROFESSIONALS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF MULTIDISCIPLINARY WORKS AND DRAWINGS. KNOWING HOW TO MOTIVATE THE PROJECT CHOICES PERFORMED IN RELATION TO THE USE OF MATERIALS IN BUILDING.
ABILITY TO LEARN
KNOWING HOW TO APPLY THE KNOWLEDGE ACQUIRED TO CONTEXTS DIFFERENT FROM THOSE PRESENTED DURING THE TEACHING, AND DEEPEN THE TOPICS COVERED ESPECIALLY WITH REFERENCE TO EVOLUTION AND INNOVATION IN THE FIELD OF BUILDING MATERIALS.

MODULE 2: SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES: KNOWLEDGE OF THE RISK AND ACCIDENT DEFINITIONS; ELEMENTS OF TOXICOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE; KNOWLEDGE ON FIRE AND EXPLOSION: ONCEPTION AND ESTIMATION OF EFFECTS SIZING OF SAFETY SYSTEMS TO PREVENT AND MITIGATE THEIR EFFECTS. METHODS FOR THE IDENTIFICATION AND QUANTIFICATION OF DANGERS AND RISKS.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING: ABILITY TO CARRY OUT RISK ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF POTENTIAL HAZARDS, OF THE PROTECTION AND MITIGATION LAYERS OF ACCIDENTS, OF THE EVALUATION OF THE PROBABILITY OF ACCIDENTS AND DAMAGES.
ABILITY TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
KNOWING HOW TO APPLY RISK ANALYSIS TO THE DESIGN.
COMMUNICATION SKILLS: COMMUNICATION SKILLS IN THE CONCEPTS AND CONTENTS OF THE COURSE TOPICS.
ABILITY TO LEARN: ABILITY TO LEARN CONCEPTS ON SAFETY OF PROCESSES.
Prerequisites
PREREQUISITES: FUNDAMENTALS OF MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS WHICH CAN BE ACQUIRED AT SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL.
PROPEDEUTICITY: NONE.
FOR THE MODULE OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES, STUDENTS MUST HAVE KNOWLEDGE OF GENERAL CHEMISTRY, PHYSICS OF GASEOUS, LIQUID AND SOLID MATERIALS.
Contents
MODULE 1: CHEMISTRY

MATTER AND ENERGY. ATOMIC STRUCTURE. THE PERIODIC SYSTEM. (5 HOURS THEORY + 2 HOURS EXERCISES)
THE CHEMICAL BOND: ENERGIES AND BONDING FORCES. THE STRONG CHEMICAL BONDS. STRONG BOND THEORIES: LEWIS, VALENCE BOND, MOLECULAR ORBITALS. (6 HOURS THEORY + 2 HOURS EXERCISES)
HYBRIDIZATION OF ATOMIC ORBITALS. RESONANCE. MOLECULAR GEOMETRIES. WEAK INTERACTIONS BETWEEN MOLECULES: DIPOLE DIPOLE, HYDROGEN, VAN DER WAALS. (5 HOURS THEORY + 2 HOURS EXERCISES)
THE MOL CONCEPT. MINIMAL AND MOLECULAR FORMULAS. MASS PERCENT OF ELEMENTS IN COMPOUNDS. (6 HOURS EXERCISES)
OXIDATION STATES. REDOX REACTIONS IN IONIC ENVIRONMENT. STOICHIOMETRIC CALCULATIONS: LIMITING REAGENT. (2 HOURS THEORY + 7 HOURS EXERCISES)
STATES OF MATTER: SOLID; GAS; LIQUIDS. (5 HOURS THEORY)
PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS. (3 HOURS THEORY)
SOLUTIONS AND THEIR PROPERTIES. COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES. GASEOUS HOMOGENEOUS CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIA. IONIC EQUILIBRIA IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION: ACIDS AND BASES AND SOLUBILITY EQUILIBRIUM. (5 HOURS THEORY + 5 HOURS EXERCISES)
ELECTROCHEMISTRY. THE BATTERIES. NERNST'S EQUATION. CALCULATION OF F.E.M. BATTERY AND DETERMINATION OF THE SPONTANEOUS DIRECTION OF THE REDOX REACTION THAT FEEDS IT. (2 HOURS THEORY + 3 HOURS EXERCISES)


MODULE 2: MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY

INTRODUCTION TO THE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF MATERIALS
TYPES OF MATERIALS. STRUCTURE OF MATERIALS: IONIC AND COVALENT SOLIDS. CRYSTALLINE STRUCTURES. CRYSTALLIZATION PROCESS. POLYMORPHISM. DEFECTS IN CRYSTALS. DISORDERED STRUCTURES. METAL ALLOYS.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS.
ANALYSIS OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS. STATIC STRESS, CYCLIC AND DYNAMIC STRESSES. TOUGHNESS AND RESILIENCE. RESISTANCE TO FATIGUE. THERMAL PROPERTIES. THERMAL SHOCK RESISTANCE. RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS. THE CASE OF CONCRETE AND BINDERS.
CERAMIC MATERIALS
CLAY: FORMATION AND PROPERTIES. KAOLINITE. PRODUCTION OF TRADITIONAL CERAMICS. BRICKS. CHARACTERISTICS AND CLASSIFICATION OF BRICKS. STONEWARE AND PORCELAIN.
GLASS. NOTES ON THE GLASS PROCESSING. FEATURES OF THE GLASS. SAFETY GLASS. GLASS-CERAMIC MATERIALS.
BINDERS, CONCRETE AND MORTARS.
HYDRAULIC BINDERS. PORTLAND CEMENT. MANUFACTURE OF PORTLAND CEMENT. COMPOSITION. HYDRATION OF CEMENT. CAUSES OF ALTERATION OF THE CEMENT. POZZOLANIC CEMENT. BLAST FURNACE CEMENT. ALUMINOUS CEMENT. TESTS ON CEMENT. HYDRAULIC LIMES. CONCRETE: CONSTITUENTS, WORKABILITY, MECHANICAL STRENGTH. DURABILITY OF CONCRETE AND BINDERS.
METALLIC MATERIALS
PRODUCTION OF CAST IRON AND STEEL. STATE DIAGRAM OF IRON-CARBON SYSTEM. HEAT TREATMENT OF STEELS. PROCESSING AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF STEELS. STAINLESS STEELS. CAST IRON. NOTES ON THE CORROSION AND PROTECTION OF MATERIALS.
POLYMERIC MATERIALS
THERMOPLASTIC AND THERMOSETTING POLYMERS. CRYSTALLINITY AND MORPHOLOGY IN THERMOPLASTIC MATERIALS. PROCESSING TECHNOLOGIES OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES. ELASTOMERS.
COMPOSITE MATERIALS
FIBERS AND PARTICULATE FILLERS FOR POLYMER MATRIX COMPOSITES. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES. MANUFACTURING PROCESSES.
BITUMINOUS MATERIALS
ORIGINS AND CLASSIFICATION OF BITUMINOUS MATERIALS. PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES AND USE.
WOOD
TECHNOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF WOOD. PROPERTIES AND DEFECTS OF THE WOOD. DURABILITY OF WOOD.

MODULE 2: SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

EVOLUTION OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES. EXAMPLES OF ACCIDENTS IN THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY (13 HOURS OF LESSON).
TOXICOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE (7 HOURS).
EXPLOSIONS: FLAMMABILITY AND SAFETY PARAMETERS (30 HOURS).
PREVENTION: INERTIFICATION OF TANKS (10 HOURS)

Teaching Methods
MODULE 1: CHEMISTRY

TEACHING INCLUDES THEORETICAL LESSONS (33 HOURS = 3,3 CFU) AND CLASSROOM EXERCISES (27 HOURS = 2,7 CFU). DURING THE EXERCISES, STUDENTS ARE ASKED TO SOLVE PROBLEMS RELATED TO STOICHIOMETRY. THE RESOLUTION METHOD CONSISTS OF UNDERSTANDING THE PROBLEM, SCHEDULING THE SOLUTION, AND FINALLY RESOLUTION. THIS LAST PHASE PROMOTES THE ABILITY OF EVALUATING THE REASONABLENESS OF THE RESPONSE AND OF VERIFYING CONSISTENCY WITH THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF CHEMISTRY.
ATTENDANCE IS MANDATORY. IN ORDER TO TAKE THE FINAL EXAM, THE STUDENT MUST HAVE ATTENDED AT LEAST 70% OF THE TEACHING HOURS. THE MODE OF VERIFICATION OF PRESENCE IS GENERALLY ELECTRONIC OR MADE BY THE TEACHER AT THE BEGINNING OF THE LESSONS.


MODULE 2: MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY
THE COURSE COVERS LECTURES (45 HRS) AND CLASSROOM EXERCISES (15 HRS).
IN CLASSROOM EXERCISES SIMPLE PROBLEMS PRACTICAL PROBLEMS ARE PRESENTED AND SOLVED.
LECTURES ARE PROVIDED IN CLASSES IN THE PRESENCE OF STUDENTS.
THE MINIMUM FRACTION OF ATTENDED HOURS OF LECTURES REQUIRED TO TAKE THE EXAM IS 70%.
Verification of learning
EVALUATION OF THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE SET OBJECTIVES WILL TAKE PLACE THROUGH THE PERFORMANCE OF AN EXAM AT THE END OF EACH MODULE, AS DETAILED BELOW. THE FINAL VOTE OBTAINED WILL BE GIVEN BY THE NUMERICAL AVERAGE OF THE SCORES OBTAINED IN THE TWO TESTS.


MODULE 1: CHEMISTRY

THE EXAM TEST RELATING TO MODULE 1 IS KEPT AT THE END OF THE MODULE AND IS AIMED AT ASSESSING THE STUDENT'S ABILITY TO HAVE LEARNED THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THE STRUCTURE OF THE MATTER, HAVING ACQUIRED THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A PHENOMENOLOGICAL APPROACH AND A MICROSCOPE STUDY APPROACH OWNERSHIP OF MATTER AND ITS TRANSFORMATIONS.
THE EXAMINATION TEST WILL CONSIST OF A WRITTEN TEST WITH STECHIOMETRY QUESTIONS (REDOX REACTIONS, HOMOGENEOUS EQUILIBRIUM IN GAS PHASE, COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES, ACID-BASE EQUILIBRIUM, EQUILIBRIUM OF SOLUBILITY, PROVAL OVAL CELLS AND TRALVENTAL VALVES). TO ACCESS THE ORAL EXAM, IT IS NECESSARY TO OBTAIN AN EVALUATION EQUAL TO AT LEAST 15/30. THE ORAL TEST WILL CONSIST OF AN INTERVIEW IN WHICH ANY GAPS FOUND IN THE WRITTEN TEST WILL BE FILLED AND DEEPEN THE THEORY ARGUMENTS. THE FINAL MARK OBTAINED, EXPRESSED IN THIRTIES WITH POSSIBLE PRAISE, WILL DEPEND ON THE MATURITY ACQUIRED ON THE CONTENTS OF THE COURSE AND WILL BE GIVEN BY THE NUMERICAL AVERAGE OF THE SCORES OBTAINED IN THE TWO TESTS. FOR THE PURPOSE OF THE PRAISE, THE QUALITY OF THE EXHIBITION WILL BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT, IN TERMS OF USE OF APPROPRIATE SCIENTIFIC LANGUAGE, AND THE PROVEN AUTONOMY OF JUDGMENT.


MODULE 2: MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY

THE EVALUATION OF THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE SET OBJECTIVES WILL TAKE PLACE THROUGH AN INTERVIEW THAT WILL BE HELD AT THE END OF THE FORM.
THE INTERVIEW WILL BE AIMED AT ASSESSING THE STUDENT'S ABILITY TO IDENTIFY AND DEFINE THE BEHAVIOR OF THE MATERIALS USED IN BUILDING, TO MAKE THE MOST APPROPRIATE CHOICES FOR THE FUNCTIONS REQUIRED TO THE MATERIALS. SIMPLE ANALYTICAL PROBLEMS WILL ALSO BE PROPOSED. THE EVALUATION AIMS TO VERIFY THE LEVEL OF LEARNING AND THE DEGREE OF ASSIMILATION OF THE SUBJECTS PRESENTED AND IS BASED ON THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE ACQUIRED, ON THE CORRECTNESS OF EXPRESSION AND TERMINOLOGY, AND ON THE ABILITY TO CONNECT THE CONCEPTS.
TO PASS THE INTERVIEW IT IS NECESSARY TO DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DIFFERENT MATERIALS STUDIED.
THE EVALUATION WILL TAKE ACCOUNT OF HOW THE STUDENT WILL BE ABLE TO DEMONSTRATE COMPLETE AUTONOMY IN THE EVALUATION AND CHOICE OF MATERIALS IN RELATION TO SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS. LANGUAGE PROPERTY AND EXPOSURE SKILLS WILL BE ASSESSED TO ACHIEVE EXCELLENCE.

MODULE 2: SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES.

THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE OBJECTIVES OF MODULE 2 IS CERTIFIED BY PASSING AN EXAM WITH EVALUATION IN THIRTIES. THE EXAM INCLUDES AN ORAL TEST.
EVALUATION CRITERIA FOR THE MINIMUM THRESHOLD: THE STUDENT MUST PROVE THAT HE UNDERSTANDS THE DANGER CONNECTED TO AN INCIDENTAL SCENARIO DATA FOR A DEFINED CHEMICAL PROCESS, AND KNOWS HOW TO APPLY THE CORRECT MODELS FOR THE QUANTITATIVE ESTIMATION OF THE DAMAGE.
EVALUATION CRITERIA FOR EXCELLENCE: EXTREME COMPETENCE OF THE TOPIC, EXCELLENT ABILITY OF EXPRESSION AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE METHODOLOGIES ILLUSTRATED.
Texts
MODULE 1: CHEMISTRY
THE STUDENT CAN CHOOSE BETWEEN THE FOLLOWING TEXTS:
1) BRAIN B. LAIRD, CHIMICA GENERALE (MCGRAW-HILL)
2) BERTINI IVANO, MANI FABRIZIO, LUCHINAT CLAUDIO, STECHIOMETRIA, CEA
3) ANY OTHER ACADEMIC TEXT OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY.

MODULE 2: MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY
1) LUCA BERTOLINI, MATERIALI DA COSTRUZIONE, VOL. 1, CITTÀ STUDI EDIZIONI.
2) WILLIAM D. CALLISTER, “SCIENZA E INGEGNERIA DEI MATERIALI”, ED. EDISES, NAPOLI, 2003
3) VITO A. ROSSETTI, “IL CALCESTRUZZO – MATERIALI E TECNOLOGIA”, MCGRAW-HILL, 2003

- FURTHER MATERIAL FOR THE EXERCISES, THOUGH PRESENT IN THE SUGGESTED TEXTS, WILL BE PROVIDED TO THE STUDENTS DURING THE COURSE

MODULE 2: MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY
LUCA BERTOLINI, MATERIALI DA COSTRUZIONE, VOL. 1, CITTÀ STUDI EDIZIONI.
WILLIAM D. CALLISTER, “SCIENZA E INGEGNERIA DEI MATERIALI”, ED. EDISES, NAPOLI, 2003
VITO A. ROSSETTI, “IL CALCESTRUZZO – MATERIALI E TECNOLOGIA”, MCGRAW-HILL, 2003

MODULE 2: SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES.
1) D.A.CROWL AND J.F.LOUVAR, CHEMICAL PROCESS SAFETY: FUNDAMENTALS WITH APPLICATIONS, 2ND EDITION, PRENTICE HALL PTR.
2) C.A. HEATON "INTRODUCTION TO INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY" - BLACKIE ACADEMIC AND PROFESSIONAL ACADEMIC PRESS. THIRD EDITION.
3) DURING THE COURSE THE TEACHER WILL PROVIDE COPIES OF SLIDES AND TYPESWRITTEN NOTES OF THE LESSONS.
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POSSIBLE INTRA-COURSE TRIALS WILL BE OPEN ONLY TO 1ST YEAR STUDENTS
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