GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Stefano MILIONE GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

0512400005
DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY "ADOLFO ZAMBELLI"
EQF6
CHEMISTRY
2021/2022

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 1
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2016
PRIMO SEMESTRE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
864LESSONS
448EXERCISES
ExamDate
CHIMICA GENERALE E INORGANICA20/06/2022 - 09:30
Objectives
THE COURSE INTRODUCES THE STUDENTS TO THE STRUCTURE OF MATTER IN TERMS OF THE ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES. A LARGE FOCUS WILL BE ON THE NATURE OF THE CHEMICAL BOND AND ITS INFLUENCE ON THE MACROSCOPIC PROPERTIES OF MATTER. THE THERMODYNAMIC AND KINETIC PRINCIPLES REGULATING THE CHEMICAL PROCESSES WILL BE ILLUSTRATED AND DISCUSSED. THE COURSE PROVIDES A CULTURAL BACKGROUND FOR THE FOLLOWING COURSE OF CHEMISTRY, GIVING BASIC KNOWLEDGE NECESSARY TO UNDERSTAND THE MAIN CHEMICAL PHENOMENA. MOREOVER, IT WILL PROVIDE INFORMATION ABOUT THE QUANTITATIVE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SUBSTANCES UNDERGOING CHEMICAL REACTIONS.

THE MAIN ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE WILL BE:
-AN OUTLINE OF HISTORY OF CHEMISTRY;
- BASIC KNOWLEDGE ON STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF MATTER;
- KNOWLEDGE ABOUT PRINCIPLES OF CHEMICAL REACTIVITY;
- KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE BASIC CHEMICAL / PHYSICAL FACTORS WHICH INFLUENCE CHEMICAL REACTIONS;
-FAMILIARIZATION WITH STOICHIOMETRIC CALCULATIONS.

THE MAIN ABILITIES WILL BE:
-TO COMMUNICATE CLEARLY AND EFFECTIVELY THE ACQUIRED CONCEPTS;
-TO EVALUATE THE DIFFERENT TRANSFORMATIONS OF MATTER AND APPLY THE CORRECT THEORETICAL INTERPRETATION;
-TO SOLVE STOICHIOMETRIC PROBLEMS;
-TO USE THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD OF INVESTIGATION.
Prerequisites
KNOWLEDGE OF BASIC MATHEMATICS, PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY LEARNED IN THE HIGH SCHOOL.
Contents
THE TOPICS COVERED IN THE COURSE ARE:
-HISTORY OF CHEMISTRY. PROUST AND DALTON LAWS . AVOGADRO'S PRINCIPLE. RULE OF CANNIZZARO (10 HOURS)
-ATOMIC THEORIES. THE STRUCTURE OF ATOMS, QUANTUM NUMBERS, AND AUFBAU. ELECTRONIC CONFIGURATIONS (8 HOURS)
-PERIODIC TABLE, CHEMICAL BONDS: COVALENT BOND, IONIC BOND, METALLIC BOND, NOMENCLATURE, WEAK BONDS (10 HOURS)
-STATES OF MATTER: GAS (KINETIC THEORY), LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS AND THEIR PROPERTIES. SOLUTIONS, COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES (12 HOURS)
- CHEMICAL KINETICS.THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON REACTION RATES.CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM: PRINCIPES, EQUILIBRIUM IN GAS PHASE, EQUILIBRIUM IN SOLUTION, WEAK ACIDS AND BASES, SALT HYDROLYSIS, SOLUBILITY EQUILIBRIUM (14 HOURS)
- INTRODUCTION TO THERMODYNAMICS. THE 1ST AND THE 2ND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS. THE GIBBS FREE ENERGY. ELECTROCHEMISTRY: ELECTROLYSIS AND LAWS OF FARADAY.BELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS. (10 HOURS)

NUMERICAL EXERCISES:
-INTRODUCTION TO STOICHIOMETRIC CALCULATIONS (2 HOURS)
-THE MOLE CONCEPT. CHEMICAL FORMULAS (6 HOURS)
-CHEMICAL REACTIONS. STOICHIOMETRY OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS (6 HOURS)
-THE GASEOUS STATE (5 HOURS)
-SOLUTIONS (5 HOURS)
-COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES (3 HOURS)
-EQUILIBRIUM IN GAS PHASE (6 HOURS)
-EQUILIBRIUM IN SOLUTION (6 HOURS)
-SOLUBILITY EQUILIBRIUM (5 HOURS)
-ELECTROCHEMISTRY (4 HOURS)
Teaching Methods
THE COURSE (112 HOURS) IS DIVIDED INTO LESSONS AND EXERCISES AS FOLLOWS:
LESSONS (8 CFU, 64 HOURS).
EXERCISES (4 CFU, 48 HOURS).
TO ATTEND THEORETICAL LESSONS IS NOT MANDATORY BUT STRONGLY SUGGESTED.
Verification of learning
THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE OBJECTIVES OF THE TEACHING IS CERTIFIED BY PASSING AN EXAM THAT IS EVALUATED IN THIRTY.
THE EXAM CONSISTS IN AN ORAL EXAMINATION, WHICH MUST BE PRECEDED BY A POSITIVE MARK FOR THE WRITTEN EXAM OF STOCHIOMETRY.
THE WRITTEN TEST INVOLVES THE RESOLUTION OF AT LEAST 4 STECHIOMETRIC EXERCISES. THE TEST TAKES PLACE BEFORE THE ORAL TEST AND IS CONSIDERED TO BE OVERCOME WITH THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE MINIMUM PRESCRIBED SCORE. THE WRITTEN TEST USUALLY LASTS NOT LESS THAN 120 MINUTES AND IS AIMED AT VERIFYING THE ABILITY TO PROPERLY APPLY THE THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE, THE ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND THE PROPOSED PROBLEMS.
STUDENTS ATTENDING THE COURSE HAVE THE CHANCE OF TAKING THREE WRITTEN TESTS, WHOSE POSITIVE RESULTS, CAN BE WORTH THE EXEMPTION OF THE FINAL WRITTEN TEST.
THE ORAL TEST CONSISTS OF AN INTERVIEW WITH QUESTIONS AND DISCUSSION ON THE THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL CONTENTS OF THE TEACHING PROGRAM AND IS INTENDED TO ASCERTAIN THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING ACQUIRED BY THE STUDENT AS WELL AS TO VERIFY THE EXPOSURE CAPACITY BY USING THE
APPROPRIATE TERMINOLOGY AND THE ABILITY TO INDEPENDENTLY ORGANIZE THE EXHIBITION ON THE SAME SUBJECTS WITH A THEORETICAL CONTENT.
MINIMUM SCORE (18/30) WILL BE ATTRIBUTED TO STUDENTS WITH SUPERFICIAL KNOWLEDGE AND LIMITED COMPREHENSION OF TOPICS AS WELL AS SUFFICIENT CLARITY SKILLS.
MAXIMUM SCORE (30/30) WILL BE ATTRIBUTED TO STUDENTS WITH DEEP KNOWLEDGE AND COMPREHENSION OF TOPICS AS WELL AS RIGOROUS CLARITY SKILLS AND GOOD DEDUCTIVE REASONING AND THINKING SKILLS

SCORE OF 30/30 CUM LAUDE WILL BE ATTRIBUTED TO STUDENTS WITH EXCELLENT KNOWLEDGE AND COMPREHENSION OF TOPICS AS WELL AS EXCELLENT CLARITY SKILLS AND DEDUCTIVE REASONING AND THINKING SKILLS.

Texts
KOTZ,TREICHEL,TOWNSEND CHIMICA, EDISES.
PETRUCCI & HARWOOD, CHIMICA GENERALE, PICCIN.
CORRADINI “CHIMICA GENERALE” AMBROSIANA
P. MICHELIN LAUSAROT, G. A. VAGLIO- FONDAMENTI DI STECHIOMETRIA- PICCIN.
BERTINI, F. MANI- STECHIOMETRIA- EDITRICE AMBROSIANA
SLOWINSKI, WOLSEY, MASTERTON “LABORATORIO DI CHIMICA” PICCIN
More Information
LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION: ITALIAN

FURTHER INFORMATION CAN BE REQUESTED VIA E-MAIL: PLONGO@UNISA.IT.
FGRISI@UNISA.IT
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