FOUNDATIONS OF FUNCTIONAL MORPHOLOGY

Antonietta SANTORO FOUNDATIONS OF FUNCTIONAL MORPHOLOGY

1012200002
DIPARTIMENTO DI MEDICINA, CHIRURGIA E ODONTOIATRIA "SCUOLA MEDICA SALERNITANA"
EQF6
PHYSIOTHERAPY
2021/2022

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 1
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2013
PRIMO SEMESTRE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
3BASI MORFOLOGICO E FUNZIONALI - MOD. BIOLOGIA APPLICATA
112LESSONS
2BASI MORFOLOGICO E FUNZIONALI - MOD. ANATOMIA UMANA
336LESSONS
1BASI MORFOLOGICO E FUNZIONALI - MOD. FISIOLOGIA
224LESSONS
Objectives
THE COURSE “MORPHOLOGICAL AND FUNCTIONAL BASES” TAKES PLACE IN THE FIRST SEMESTER OF THE FIRST YEAR. IT IS DIVIDED INTO 3 TEACHING MODULES FOR A TOTAL OF 6 ECTS AND 72 HOURS OF LESSONS. THE GENERAL OBJECTIVE OF THE COURSE IS TO PROVIDE THE TOOLS FOR THE KNOWLEDGE OF BIOLOGY, ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY TO ALLOW THE CORRECT INTERPRETATION OF ALL FUNCTIONS OF THE HUMAN BODY FROM THE MICROSCOPIC TO THE MACROSCOPIC LEVEL. AT THE END OF THE COURSE STUDENTS HAVE:
A) TO KNOW THE MAIN STRUCTURES AND FUNCTIONS OF EUCARIOTIC CELLS, AND THE MECHANISMS RELATED TO THE MAINTENANCE, EXPRESSION AND TRANSMISSION OF GENETIC INFORMATION; B) TO KNOW STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS OF ORGANS AND APPARATUSES THAT MAKE UP THE HUMAN BODY; C) TO DISTINGUISH AND DESCRIBE ALL THE STRUCTURES INVOLVED IN HUMAN MOVEMENTS.
Prerequisites
THE COURSE REQUIRES THE KNOWLEDGE OF BASIC BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHISICS.
Contents
BIOLOGY (12 HS)
BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES: CARBOHYDRATES, LIPIDS, PROTEINS, NUCLEIC ACIDS, (4 HS).
EUKARYOTIC CELLS: CELLULAR ORGANELLES AND THEIR FUNCTIONS. BIOLOGICAL MEMBRANES, (4 HS).
DNA STRUCTURE AND ITS DUPLICATION. TRANSCRIPTION AND TRANSLATION (4 HS).

HUMAN ANATOMY (36 HS)
CLASSIFICATION STRUCTURE AND BIOLOGICAL FUNCTION OF HUMAN TISSUES. ANATOMICAL POSITION. DIRECTIONAL TERMINOLOGY, (LESSONS 3 HS).
THE SKELETAL SYSTEM: HEAD AND NECK SKELETON. TRUNK SKELETON. SKELETON: UPPER AND LOWER LIMBS SKELETON. JOINTS: MORPHOLOGICAL AND FUNCTIONAL CLASSIFICATION. INTERVERTEBRAL, STERNAL-COSTAL AND COST-VERTEBRAL JOINTS. SHOULDER, ELBOW AND WRIST JOINTS. HIP, KNEE, AND FOOT JOINTS. TEMPORO-MANDIBULAR JOINT, (LESSONS 15 HOURS).
MUSCLE SYSTEM: AXIAL MUSCLES: MIMIC MUSCLES, MASTICATING MUSCLES, NECK AND BACK MUSCLES, CHEST AND ABDOMEN MUSCLES. THE DIAPHRAGM. MUSCLES OF THE PERINEUM AND PELVI. APPENDICULAR MUSCULATURE: MUSCLES OF THE SCAPULAR GIRDLE AND UPPER LIMB; MUSCLES OF THE PELVIC CINGLE AND LOWER LIMB, (LESSONS 12 HOURS).
THE NEERVOUS SYSTEM: GENERAL ORGANIZATION OF THE CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. MENINGES. NERVOUS PLEXUSES, (LESSONS 6 HOURS).

PHYSIOLOGY (24 HS)
BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF THE WATER. ACIDS AND BASES. PH, DIFFUSION, OSMOSIS. MEMBRANE TRANSPORT. MEMBRANE POTENTIAL AND MEMBRANE ACTION POTENTIAL. BALANCE OF FLUIDS: EXTRACELLULAR FLUID AND INTRACELLULAR FLUID, (LESSONS 3 HS).
THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM. HEART, MAIN BLOOD VESSELS. PULMONARY CIRCUIT AND SYSTEMIC CIRCUIT. CIRCOLATION IN THE CAPILLARS. ECG AND HEART CYCLE. EIETION FRACTION, BLOOD PRESSURE, (LESSONS 5 HS).
THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. THE RESPIRATORY TRACT. PLEURAE. LUNGS. PULMONARY VENTILATION, ALVEOLAR/CAPILLARY DIFFUSION AND RESPIRATORY MEMBRANE, (LESSONS 3 HS).
THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM. DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION OF PROTEINS, LIPIDS AND GLYCIDES ABSORPTION OF IRON, VITAMIN B12 AND CALCIUM. PANCREAS EXOCRINE. LIVER: BILE AND BILIRUBIN METABOLISM. LIPID METABOLISM: LIPOPROTEIN, (LESSONS 5 HS).
THE URINARY SYSTEM: THE KIDNEY: NEPHRON STRUCTURE AND PHYSIOLOGY, GLOMERULAR FILTRATION AND URINE FORMATION. ENDOCRINE FUNCTION OF THE KIDNEY (LESSONS 3 HS).
THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM: THE PITUITARY GLAND AND THE PITUITARY HORMONES. THE HYPOTHALAMUS/PITUITARY AXIS. THYROID AND PARATHYROIDS. THE ADRENAL GLAND. ENDOCRINE PANCREAS, (LESSONS 2 HS).
PHYSIOLOGY OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM: THE SYNAPSES. MAIN BRAIN AREAS. BASAL GANGLIA. MOTOR AND SENSITIVE PATHWAYS (LESSONS 3 HOURS).
Teaching Methods
THE COURSE IS DIVIDED INTO LECTURES AND INTERACTIVE LESSONS AT THE HUMAN ANATOMY EDUCATIONAL LABORATORIES WITH OBSERVATION AND STUDY OF SOME STRUCTURES DIRECTLY ON ANATOMICAL MODELS.
Verification of learning
THE SCORE OF THE ORAL EXAM DEPENDS ON THE DEGREE OF DEPTH OF THE TOPICS AND ON THE STUDENT'S ABILITY TO PRESENT THE CONTENTS BY CRITICALLY DISCUSSING THE TOPICS. TO ACHIEVE THE MINIMUM SCORE IN THE ORAL EXAM, STUDENTS HAVE TO KNOWLEDGE, THE STRUCTURE AND THE MAIN FUNCTIONS OF ANIMAL CELLS AS WELL AS THE MAIN FUNCTIONS OF THE HUMAN BODY ORGANS RESPONSIBLE FOR MAINTENANCE OF HOMEOSTASIS. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS SHOULD DEMONSTRATE TO USE THE ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY CORRECTLY AND KNOW THE BONE, MUSCULAR AND TENDON STRUCTURES OF THE LOCOMOTOR APPARATUS. THE VOTE, EXPRESSED IN THIRTY-THIRTIES, WILL DEPEND ON THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE. TO OBTAIN THE PRAISE, STUDENTS HAVE TO DEMONSTRATE HIGHER QUALITY OF EXHIBITION AND THE ABILITY TO LINK THE TOPICS EACHOTHER.
Texts
ALBERTS B. ET AL. ESSENTIAL CELL BIOLOGY
SCHUNKE M ET AL. –THIEME ATLAS OF ANATOMY: LATIN NOMENCLATURE : GENERAL ANATOMY AND MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
MARTINI F.H. ET AL. VISUAL ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
More Information
REFERENCES
NETTER, ATLANTE DI ANATOMIA UMANA ED. EDRA .
DRAKE R.L. ET AL. ANATOMIA DEL GRAY - I FONDAMENTI ED. EDRA.
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