HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY

LUIGI SCHIAVO HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY

1060100078
DIPARTIMENTO DI MEDICINA, CHIRURGIA E ODONTOIATRIA "SCUOLA MEDICA SALERNITANA"
EQF7
MEDICINE AND SURGERY
2021/2022

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 2
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2016
ANNUALE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
1FISIOLOGIA UMANA - MOD. FISIOLOGIA
9108LESSONS
2FISIOLOGIA UMANA - MOD. STRUMENTAZIONE BIOMEDICA
112LESSONS
3FISIOLOGIA UMANA - MOD. SCIENZE TECNICHE DIETETICHE APPLICATE
112LESSONS
4FISIOLOGIA UMANA - AFP FISIOLOGIA UMANA
125INTERNAL STAGE
5FISIOLOGIA UMANA - AFP SCIENZE TECNICHE DIETETICHE APPLICATE
10INTERNAL STAGE
Objectives
THE AIM OF THE COURSE IS TO GAIN KNOWLEDGE OF THE NORMAL FUNCTIONING OF ORGANS AND APPARATUSES OF THE HUMAN BODY, AS A PREREQUISITE TO BE ABLE TO APPROACH THE STUDY OF THE PATHOGENESIS, SYMPTOMS AND THERAPIES IN MEDICINE.

KNOWLEDGE:
- SCIENTIFIC METHODS IN HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY;
- MECHANISMS FOR NERVOUS, CARDIOVASCULAR, RENAL, RESPIRATORY AND DIGESTIVE FUNCTIONS;
- MECHANISMS FOR VEGETATIVE REGULATIONS AND ENDOCRINOLOGY;
- MECHANISMS FOR SENSITIVE AND MOTOR FUNCTIONS OF STOMATOGNATHIC APPARATUS;
- FUNDAMENTS OF PHYSIO-PATHOLOGY OF THE STOMATOGNATHIC APPARATUS;
- NORMAL VALUES OF PHYSIOLOGICAL VARIABLES OF INTEREST FOR MEDICINE, SURGERY AND DENTISTRY;

ABILITIES:
- TO BE ABLE TO DESCRIBE THE FUNCTIONING OF ORGANS AND APPARATUSES OF THE HUMAN BODY IN A CLEAR AND PRECISE WAY, SUCH THAT A GENERIC LISTENER (THE PATIENT) CAN UNDERSTAND;
- TO BE ABLE TO RECOGNIZE ABNORMAL VALUES OF PHYSIOLOGICAL VARIABLES;
- TO BE ABLE TO SEARCH INFORMATION AND UPGRADES FROM THE SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE AND TO RECOGNIZE THE VALUE AND THE LIMITS OF THE AVAILABLE SCIENTIFIC DATA.
Prerequisites
APPLIED BIOLOGY, CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
Contents
THE COURSE IS DIVIDED INTO FIVE MODULES: HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY, DIETETIC SCIENCES, MAXILLO FACIAL SURGERY (COURSE IN DENTISTRY), ODONTOSTOMATOLOGY (COURSE IN DENTISTRY).

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY MODULE, 120 H:

- NERVOUS SYSTEM (26 H LECTURES, 14 H INTEGRATIVE DIDACTIC):
DISTRIBUTION AND COMPOSITION OF FLUIDS IN THE HUMAN BODY, MEMBRANE POTENTIAL, RESTING POTENTIAL, ACTION POTENTIAL; PHYSIOLOGY OF NERVE AND MUSCLE CELLS, MAJOR NEUROTRANSMITTER SYSTEMS, SENSE ORGANS AND AFFERENT PATHWAYS, REFLEXES, CONTROL OF POSTURE AND MOVEMENT, SIGHT, HEARING, VESTIBULAR ORGAN, AUTONOMIC AND ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; THERMOREGULATION, FEEDING BEHAVIOR, SLEEP, LEARNING AND MEMORY, ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY OF THE HEART; PHYSIOLOGICAL FUNDAMENTS FOR ECG AND EEG.

- CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM (12 H LECTURES, 6 H INTEGRATIVE DIDACTIC):
MECHANICS OF THE HEART PUMP; DYNAMICS OF BLOOD AND LYMPH FLOW; CARDIOVASCULAR REGULATORY MECHANISMS; CIRCULATION THROUGH SPECIAL REGIONS.

- RESPIRATORY SYSTEM (12 H LECTURES, 6 H INTEGRATIVE DIDACTIC):
MECHANICS OF VENTILATION; PULMONARY FUNCTION; GAS TRANSPORT; REGULATION OF BREATHING.

- RENAL SYSTEM (12 H LECTURES, 6 H INTEGRATIVE DIDACTIC):
RENAL FUNCTION AND MICTURITION; REGULATION OF THE COMPOSITION AND VOLUME OF THE EXTRACELLULAR FLUID; ACID-BASE BALANCE.

- DIGESTIVE SYSTEM (10 H LECTURES, 5 H INTEGRATIVE DIDACTIC):
PRINCIPAL FUNCTIONS OF THE ORGANS OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM; DIGESTION, ABSORPTION AND FOUNDAMENTALS OF NUTRITION; MITILITY OF THE GASTRO-INTESTINAL TRACT; SECRETING AND METABOLIC FUNCTIONS OF THE LIVER.

- ENDOCRINE GLANDS (10 H LECTURES, 5 H INTEGRATIVE DIDACTIC):
THYROID; ENDOCRINE PANCREAS; ADRENAL CORTEX AND MEDULLA; SERUM CALCIUM HOMEOSTASIS; PITUITARY GLAND; GONADS, REPRODUCTIVE PHYSIOLOGY; PHYSIOLOGY OF GROWTH.

- DIETETIC SCIENCE MODULE (12 H LECTURES):
NUTRIENTS: CLASSIFICATION AND LEVEL OF REFERENCE INTAKE FOR THE ITALIAN POPULATION; USE AND LIMITS OF THE BODY MASS INDEX; BODY COMPOSITION; BASAL METABOLIC RATE; OBESITY; DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION OF CARBOHYDRATES, PROTEINS AND FATS; PANCREAS, LIVER, GALLBLADDER; ABSORPTION OF VITAMINS, MINERALS AND WATER; DEVELOPMENT OF A DIETARY PROGRAM; MEDITERRANEAN DIET; FOOD PYRAMID FOR THE ITALIAN POPULATION; LOW CALORIE, KETOGENIC, AND HIGH PROTEIN DIETS.

FOR THE COURSE IN DENTISTRY:

- MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY MODULE (24 H LECTURES):
CYSTS AND OSTEOLYTICLESIONS; DYSODONTIASIS; CRANIO-CERVICO-FACIAL DISORDERS; PRE-PROSTHETIC SURGERY; JAWFRACTURES; TOOTHALVEOLARFRACTURES; MAXILLARYFRACTURES AND ALVEOLARTEETH.

- ODONTO-STOMATOLOGY MODULE (24 H LECTURES):
PLAQUE AND TARTAR; DEFENSE MECHANISMS OF ORAL CAVITY; PHYSIOLOGY OF SALIVA; TOOTH ERUPTION MECHANISMS; OCCLUSION PHYSIOLOGY; RELATION BETWEEN TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT; OCCLUSION AND POSTURE.
Teaching Methods
THE COURS CONSISTS OF LECTURES (92 H FOR MEDICINE, 128 H FOR DENTISTRY) AND PRACTICAL EXERCISES (40 H). LECTURES WILL PROVIDE THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGEOF ALL THE ARGUMENTS FROM THE PROGRAM. THE EXERCISES WILL GIVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO APPLY THEORY TO SIMULATED REAL SITUATIONS. THE COURSE WILL ALSO COMPRISE PERSONAL AND GROUP WORKSHOPS TO VERIFY THE CORRECT ACQUISITION OF THE KNOWLEDGE AND ABILITIES INCLUDED IN THE PROGRAM. THE WORKSHOP WILL BE DISCUSSED WITH THE CLASS DURING 24 H OF THE COURSE AND ALSO INDIVIDUALLY WITH THE PROFESSOR DURING THE OFFICE HOURS.
Verification of learning
THE EXAM WILL CONSIST OF AN ORAL TEST LASTING ABOUT 30 MIN. THE WILL VERIFY THE THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE FUNCTIONING MECHANISMS OF ALL THE ORGANS AND SYSTEMS OF THE HUMAN BODY IN PHYSIOLOGICAL CONDITIONS.
THE SCORE OF THE ORAL EXAM DEPENDS ON THE DEGREE OF KNOWLEDGE OF THE ARGUMENTS OF THE PROGRAM AND THE STUDENT'S ABILITY TO EFFECTIVELY PRESENT THE CONTENTS AND CRITICALLY DISCUSS THE TOPICS. THE SCORE OF THE ORAL EXAM IS AIMED AT EVALUATING THE THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE STUDENT. THE MINIMUM SCORE IN THE ORAL EXAM IS GAINED BY KNOWLEDGE OF THE FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF ALL THE TOPICS OF THE PROGRAM. THE MAXIMUM SCORE IS ACHIEVED WHEN THE STUDENT DEMONSTRATES THAT HE CAN CORRECTLY ILLUSTRATE AND DISCUSS MORE THAN 95% OF ALL TOPICS AND THEMES OF THE PROGRAM. EXCELLENCE REQUIRES THE ABILITY TO CORRECTLY ILLUSTRATE AND DISCUSS 100% OF ALL THE TOPICS AND THEMES OF THE PROGRAM.
Texts
FISIOLOGIA MEDICA, GANONG BARRETT BARMAN BOITANO BROOKS, PICCIN
FISIOLOGIA MEDICA, GUYTON HALL, ELSEVIER
FISIOLOGIA, STANFIELD GERMAN, EDISES
DIETETICA E NUTRIZIONE CLINICA (TERZA EDIZIONE), EDITORE: IL PENSIERO SCIENTIFICO, EAN: 9788849006216
FOR DENTISTRY DEGREE:
FISIOLOGIA ORALE E DELL’APPARATO STOMATOGNATICO DI DIEGO MONZONI & EUGENIO SCARNATI, EDI-ERMES, 2007
FURTHER TEXTS AND SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES WILL BE SUGGESTED IN THE CLASSROOM
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